What is the Reason of Vascular Disease Symptoms in the Leg
The Circulatory System is one of the most important organs of the body; Blood flows in it that transmits food and oxygen to all parts of the body, so cardiac diseased patients complain of many diseases affecting general health. In this article, we will explain the symptoms of vascular disease in the leg and how to diagnose and treat those symptoms.
Vascular disease in the Leg:
Blood vessels in the leg develop a disease known as Peripheral vascular disease, which causes narrowing and occlusion of blood vessels, whether arteries or veins.
Partial occlusion and low blood supply in the vessels cause symptoms of blood vessels in the leg and then develop peripheral vascular disease and when the disease lasts longer, the vessels develop atherosclerosis, where one of the clots is formed inside the artery until it is completely closed, preventing the blood from passing to the organs or limbs.
What is the reason of feeling the symptoms of Vascular Disease in the Leg?
During normal conditions blood vessels can contract and relax depending on the temperature of the surrounding environment, but as a result of some reasons the blood vessel response increases until completely contracted without widening, the most important of which are:
• Emotional tension.
• Cold temperatures.
• The effect of some drugs.
What are the most Important Symptoms of Vascular Disease in the leg?
The feeling of pain and severe fatigue in the leg is the most important symptom, that patients with peripheral vascular disease complain about. This shows pain in the form of numbness and load in the leg muscles as a result of frequent movement. Pain is greatly increased during exercise while gradually disappearing at rest.
In case of total occlusion of blood vessels in the leg, the pain increases especially during the night, also patients with peripheral vascular disease may complain about some of the following symptoms:
• Tingling and Weakness of legs.
• Severe toe pain.
• Non-healing leg or foot ulcers.
• Feeling cold in one or both legs with pale skin colour.
• Leg hair loss.
In addition to the above, this disease can affect the blood vessels of the arm, stomach, intestines and kidneys.
Who are the candidates for Leg Vascular Disease Symptoms?
Many people develop the peripheral vascular disease, but are more likely to be infected when:
• People who are over the age of 50.
• Obese patients.
• People who suffer from high cholesterol level in blood.
• People Who have a history of developing blood vessel diseases in the brain or strokes.
• Cardiac Diseased patients.
• Diabetic Patients.
• Kidney disease Patients.
• Some unhealthy lifestyles also affect the increased incidence of peripheral vascular diseases such as lack of exercise, malnutrition and excessive use of medication without consulting a doctor.
Diagnosis of Vascular Disease Symptoms in the Leg:
Doctors advise vascular diseased patients to quickly visit a Vascular Surgeon when the feel any of the previous symptoms, as early diagnosis of peripheral vascular disease helps in preventing complications that may affect an individual's life.
Before starting the diagnosis, the doctor asks the patient to know the pathological history, so that he can perform a clinical medical diagnosis that includes measuring the rate of blood vessel pulses of the leg and foot per minute. The doctor also uses some other means such as doppler and measuring the ankle-humeral pressure index.
Treatment of Symptoms of Vascular Disease in the Leg:
The doctor is interested in treating peripheral vascular diseases to prevent complications of the disease and trying to reduce symptoms, especially pain.
You can contact Dr. Waleed El-Daly, Assistant Professor of Vascular Surgery and Diabetic Foot Treatment at Cairo University, and you can visit him to see how the pain from vascular disease symptoms in the leg can be treated.