The latest treatment for leg vein thrombosis

Leg vein thrombosis

Treatment of leg vein thrombosis with Dr.Waleed El-Daly:
Leg deep vein thrombosis is a condition in which clots form in the deep veins of the leg as a result of blood clotting and slow blood flow in one of these veins, which leads to blood clots due to blockage of these veins, and sometimes it occurs due to sitting for a long time, eating foods that are rich in cholesterol constantly, lying in bed, smoking, weight gain, aging, and genetic factors. The main risk of forming clots inside the veins is the flow of blood upwards towards the heart and lungs, which threatens the occurrence of pulmonary embolism. 

Symptoms of leg deep vein thrombosis:
- Swelling of the affected leg is very painful when touched. 
- Pain and numbness at the bottom of the foot as the tissues are not getting enough oxygen.
- A change in the color of the affected foot veins to red or blue due to the lack of blood flow to them. 
- High temperature of the affected foot due to inflammation. 
- A protrusion in the leg veins. 
- Severe headache.

Causes of leg deep vein thrombosis: 
There are several factors that increase the risk of DVT, including the following: 
- Coma or paralysis increases the risk of DVT due to the lack of contraction of the foot muscles, which pump blood from bottom to top.
- Long-term use of contraceptive pills that cause blood clots in the feet. 
- Pregnancy increases the risk of DVT as a result of hormonal disorders in a way that may lead to blood viscosity, especially during sitting for long periods.
- Weight gain which makes pressure on the lower leg muscles.
- Smoking. 
- Aging.
- Sitting at work for long hours leads to poor blood flow in the veins. 
- Post-fractures where leg clots threaten the injured due to their prolonged immobility, and this affects the blood flow to the veins, and the risk of clots formation increases. 
- Genetic factors such as having a family history of strokes by a family member may significantly increase the incidence of stroke. 
- Having some diseases such as heart disease, diabetes, high blood pressure, or cancer.
- Injury and neglecting of the disease may lead to the formation of clots in the veins of the foot.

The patient receives treatment to prevent any complications of clots and prevent them from occurring again:
- The use of medications that increase blood flow through injections or pills, and you should undergo a continuous examination to avoid the risk of bleeding in the case of an increase in the dose of medication.
- The use of clot solvents in severe cases and in the onset of complications of clots.
- The filter is a device placed in one of the large veins of the body in the abdomen, which is called the inferior vena cava, to catch any clots traveling from the bottom to the the upper parts of the body through the blood and prevent the occurrence of pulmonary clots.
- Compression socks help to tighten the muscles of the foot to prevent the accumulation of blood in them and thus reduce the possibility of blood clots forming. 

Ways to prevent deep venous thrombosis:
- Continues practicing any physical activity to improve blood circulation. 
- Drink sufficient amounts of water per day from 3 to 5 liters daily to stimulate blood circulation and improve blood flow. 
- Eat a healthy diet and avoid obesity.
- Maintaining anticoagulant medication when performing surgeries or post-fractures.
- Do not sit for 60 minutes continuously, and get up every 15 minutes and move around the desk or stand, because this will help you to increase blood flow and reduces the possibility of forming clots in the leg veins.
- Reducing the intake of fried foods that are rich in unhealthy fats, as it increases the amount of harmful cholesterol in the body. 
- Avoid smoking because it increases the incidence of forming clots.
- Visit your vascular doctor when you feel pain in the feet for early examinations to avoid any complications.

Is leg stroke dangerous?
Yes, it is dangerous if it is neglected and the patient does not receive the appropriate treatment in the necessary time. One of the most dangerous complications of a leg stroke is the movement of the clot or part of it through the bloodstream and it may reach the lungs or the heart, causing a blockage called pulmonary embolism, but if the clot is small, you can recover after proper treatment, if the clot is large, it will prevent blood from reaching the lungs and may lead to death. Another long-term complication of a leg clot is a post-stroke syndrome, which causes several symptoms such as swelling, pain, change in skin color, and in severe cases, ulcers may appear in the leg, and sometimes in some cases, the symptoms can be so severe as a person becomes disabled and has difficulty moving due to muscle atrophy as a result of the lack of oxygen-loaded blood to it, which led to a defect in the performance of its function. 

Does the leg clot come back and repeat? 
Yes, it is likely to come back and recur, as people who have had a leg stroke are more likely to recur if they do not follow preventive instructions to avoid forming clots, or if medications are not used as well to reduce the occurrence of a clot again, so the leg stroke becomes a chronic disease that occurs repeatedly.

When do you visit the doctor? 
You should see a doctor immediately if you notice redness, swelling, severe pain, shortness of breath, or cough with blood, especially if you have one or more factors for the risk of deep vein thrombosis. 

Where can leg vein thrombosis be treated? 
The doctor takes the medical history, performs a comprehensive examination of the peripheral blood vessels, and performs Doppler and CT scans on the leg veins to determine the location of the blockage in the leg and treats it as soon as possible to avoid any serious complications. Dr.Waleed El-daly the consultant for the diabetic foot and varicose veins treatment at Cairo University, he is considered the best vascular surgeon in treating leg vein thrombosis and all arterial problems, and he advises everyone who feels any symptoms of leg thrombosis, that it is necessary not to neglect it as it may lead to serious complications. The treatment is done through a therapeutic catheter or by stents placement to open narrowed veins or replace the arteries of the leg. 

Summary : 
The leg clot is harmful and very painful when it occurs in the deep veins of the body, so it requires quick visit to the vascular surgeon to prevent it from reaching the heart and the lungs, book your appointment now with Dr.Waleed El-Daly Assistant Professor of Vascular Surgery and Peripheral Catheterization at Cairo University, also he is a specialist in the treatment of diabetic foot, gangrene, and varicose veins with laser and injections.